Identification is crucial for the efficient and effective delivery of health services and public health management and is therefore instrumental for achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3. A secure, inclusive and responsible method of uniquely identifying and authenticating healthcare users over time and across facilities is central to each of these needs and the goal of achieving universal healthcare.
The goal of this paper is therefore to synthesize selected examples of how foundational systems are used for healthcare in a variety of countries. We hope that this initial effort at framing the utility of foundational identification for healthcare and providing early lessons and key considerations will help guide future work in this area by practitioners, donors, and researchers.
The authors would like to thank Samuel Lantei Mills, Chiho Suzuki, and Dominic Haazen from the World Bank and Kate Wilson from the Digital Impact Alliance (DIAL) for additional comments and feedback, and Vyjayanti Desai (ID4D Manager) for her supervision. Funding and direction for this paper were also generously provided by DIAL.